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  • This service visualizes land system archetypes data. Land use is a key driver of global environmental change. Unless major shifts in consumptive behaviours occur, land-based production will have to increase drastically to meet future demands for food and other commodities. To better understand the drivers and impacts of agricultural intensification, identifying global, archetypical patterns of land systems is needed. However, current approaches focus on broad-scale representations of dominant land cover with limited consideration of land-use intensity. In this study, we derived a new global representation of land systems based on more than 30 high-resolution datasets on land-use intensity, environmental conditions and socioeconomic indicators. Using a self-organizing map algorithm, we identified and mapped twelve archetypes of land systems for the year 2005. Our analysis reveals unexpected similarities in land systems across the globe but the diverse pattern at sub-national scales implies that there are no one-size-fits-all solutions to sustainable land management. Our results help to identify generic patterns of land pressures and environmental threats and provide means to target regionalized strategies to cope with the challenges of global change. Mapping global archetypes of land systems represents a first step towards better understanding the driving forces and environmental and social outcomes of land system dynamics.

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    This dataset is the definitive set of locality boundaries for the state of Victoria as defined by Local Government and registered by the Registrar of Geographic Names. The boundaries are aligned to Vicmap Property. This dataset is part of the Vicmap Admin dataset series.

  • osm: Dump sites (landfill) rasterized from OSM landuse polygons, first to 10m spatial resolution and after downsampled to 30m by spatial average.

  • Temporal composite of Sentinel-2 L2A produced by the median of all images obtained between 25-06-2018 and 12-09-2018, disregarding the pixels with cloud or cloud shadows. This data will be used by GeoHarmonizer project to produce the the land-cover mapping for the whole EU for 2000 to 2020

  • Cultivated parcels planted with fruit trees and shrubs, intended for fruit production, including nuts. The planting pattern can be by single or mixed fruit species, both in association with permanently grassy surfaces.

  • Vegetation formation composed principally of trees, including shrub and bush understorey, where broad-leaved species predominate. The predominant classifying parameter for this class is a crown cover density of > 30 % or a minimum 500 subjects/ha density, with broad-leaved trees representing > 75 % of the formation. The minimum tree height is 5 m.

  • Spaces under construction development, soil or bedrock excavations, earthworks. This class is assigned for areas where landscape is affected by human activities, changed or modified into artificial surfaces, being in a state of anthropogenic transition.

  • Public, industrial or mine dump sites.

  • Landcover sample points

  • Zone seaward of the lowest tide limit.